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Social protection expenditure

The purpose of the Social Expenditure Statistics is to provide a coherent description of social protection expenditure. The statistics provide a detailed overview of the development in various social expenditures in Denmark, and can also be used to compare the level of social protection internationally. The statistics have been compiled since 2007 and are a European System for Integrated Social Protection Statistics (ESSPROS).

Statistical presentation

The statistics are an annual statement of expenditure on social benefits divided into eight main areas, with further subdivisions Social benefits are to be understood broadly as benefits that alleviate the financial burden of individuals or households in connection with socially conditioned risks or needs. The statement includes both cash benefits and benefits in kind. The services also include both public and private expenses. It applies, however, that services must be of a collective nature without mandatory consideration.

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Statistical processing

The statistics has as its starting point the government finances statistics and the sector accounts. There is a close connection to the COFOG classification which provides the basis for the detailed ESSPROS classification of the social protection expenditure. The tax rates used for enumerating the statistic comes from the Ministry of Finance and is preliminary for the years 2019 and 2020.

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Data on social expenditure is in big demand from international organizations. Eurostat is in this regard working on expanding various areas of the statistic, e.g. on unemployment beneficiaries recipients.

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Accuracy and reliability

Important sources to uncertainty are erroneous coding or other errors in the primary accounts on which the statistics relies (state, municipalities etc.), and the risk of misclassification of benefits or schemes within the ESSPROS classification.

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Timeliness and punctuality

Figures are published approximately 10 months after the end of the calendar year. The statistics are usually published without delay in relation to the scheduled date.

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The statistics are regulated by the EU and are also published by Eurostat. The statistics are calculated according to the ESSPROS classification, which forms the basis for comparability with other EU countries as well as Norway, Iceland and Switzerland. The statistic was reorganized in 2012 and the revised data goes back to 2007.

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Accessibility and clarity

These statistics are published in a Danish press release and in the StatBank under Social protection expenditure. In addition, internationally comparable figures for Social protection expenditure and receipts are available on Eurostat's website.

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