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Population and Education, Social Statistics
Bjarne Mann
+45 3917 3758

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Childcare before school start

The statistics is an annual inventory of the number of children enrolled in childcare facilities, the number of employees with pedagogical assignments, and the ratio between children and employees. The framework for the statistics follows the recommendations of the work of an inter-ministerial working group, where stakeholders were involved. This work and the model for the estimations are documented in the publication. ”Normeringer i dagtilbud – Model for en årsopgørelse af normeringer i dagtilbud” (The ratio of children per adults in daycare – A model to calculate the yearly ratio of children per adults in daycare).

Data description

The purpose of the statistics is to establish a possibility for municipalities on resource allocation for childcare facilities. The inventory contains childcare arrangements, which are defined under The act on Law on day-care facilities (Dagtilbudslovens section 2 in Dagtilbud til børn indtil skolestart). In other words the childcare facilities are limited day care institutions from 0 years to school start (normally 5 years).

Children and staff are measured as full-time units (also called full-time equivalents). This means that a child or staff on full-time for a year is equal to one full-time unit, while a half-time employed staff counts as 0.5 full-time unit.

The ratio of children per adult is calculated on the basis of the agreement on the Finance Act in 2013, where it was decided "to develop a new method for calculating the ratios" and to prepare more accurate annual inventories for the average number of children per year. A working group was then set up consisting of the Ministry of Economic and Home Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, the national association of municipalities and the Ministry of Children, Gender Equality, Integration and Social Affairs. The working group recommended a methodological framework to estimate the ratio between children and employees. Among other things they recommended that employees with pedagogical tasks should include employees with managerial assignments (managers). It is documented in the report The ratio of children per adults in daycare – A model to calculate the yearly ratio of children per adults in daycare (Normeringer i dagtilbud: Model for en årsopgørelse af normeringer i dagtilbud fra 2014)

Classification system

Children are grouped in daycare as: Family day care Day care facilities 0-2 years Day care facilities 3-5 years

Age integrated daycare (0-5 years old) are divided into day care for 0-2 years old and in kindergarten 3-5 years old for those children from 3 years old to starting school. This is also the case for institutions covering 0-18 years old.

Education categories: Educational assistant training Educator, BACH Educator, VBE (exclusive BACH) Educational Courses not specified Education, VBE Education, BACH, MASTER and Ph.d. Not leading to a vocational/professional qualification Other education Not specified educational level

Sector coverage

Childminders and institutions in childcare for children until school start.

Statistical concepts and definitions

Fuldtidsomregnet pædagogisk personale: Ansatte med pædagogiske opgaver er udregnet som fuldtidsomregnet ansatte med pædagogiske opgaver i daginstitutioner. Opgørelsen beregnes ud fra årsværk, som personalet har været ansat i daginstitutionen i løbet af året. En pædagogisk ansat med pædagogiske opgaver i en institution på fuldtid - et helt år - er én fuldtidsomregnet ansat med pædagogiske opgaver. En ansat med pædagogiske opgaver i institutionen, som kun er ansat på halv tid eller på fuldtid i et halvt år er en halv fuldtidsomregnet ansat med pædagogiske opgaver. Et årsværk svarer til 1924 timer på et år. Under det pædagogiske personale medtages dagplejer, pædagoger, pædagogmedhjælper (herunder studerende) og ledere i daginstitutioner. Udregningsmetoden følger arbejdsgruppens opgørelsesmetode for normeringsstatistik.

Fuldtidsomregnede børn: Antallet af børn er udregnet som fuldtidsomregnet børn i daginstitutioner. Opgørelsen beregnes ud fra timer pr. uge, barnet har været indmeldt i løbet af året. Et barn som er i børnepasning på fuldtid - i et helt år - er ét fuldtidsomregnet barn. Et barn som kun er i børnepasning på halv tid eller på fuldtid i et halvt år er kun et halvt fuldtidsomregnet barn. Et barn indmeldt i 0-25 timer pr. uge (deltid) opgøres til et 0,5 fuldtidsækvivalent barn. Børn som er indmeldt 26 til 35 timer om ugen opgøres til 0,75 fuldtidsækvivalenter, mens børn indmeldt over 35 timer per uge opgøres til en fuldtidsækvivalent.

Statistical unit

Children and employees

Statistical population

Childcare for children from 0 years until start of school in public and independent institutions and public daycare

Reference area


Time coverage

These statistics cover the time period from 2015 and onwards.

Base period

Not relevant for these inventories.

Unit of measure

Number of children and staff is measured in full-time equivalents. The ratio between children and employees is measured in number of children per employee with pedagogical assignments.

Reference period

Reference period for children and staff is a calendar year.

Frequency of dissemination


Legal acts and other agreements

Act on Statistics Denmark § 6 and § 8

Cost and burden

Filling a validation report can be a comprehensive task for a municipality, as it requires that several different departments cooperate in order to gather the relevant data. The extent of this is not measured.


Due to the Covid-19 situation in 2021 there has only been one publication in 2021. That is the 22 of September. Read more about the statistics on Statistics Denmark’s page for Childcare. Børnepasning.